Coffee History Timeline
Who, When and Where

Coffee History

The Coffee History Timeline widely varies according to the source due to the length of time as well as the blurring of truth that sometimes occurs. Coffee have been a part of culture for over one thousand years.

This is especially true when something as powerful as coffee is involved, as coffees have brought people much wealth and prosperity throughout the Coffee History Timeline.

It was discovered around 850 A.D. in the part of Africa now known as Ethiopia. According to one story that has been passed down through the generations, a sheep herder named Kaldi discovered it as he tended his sheep. He noted that his sheep became extremely active after eating the red cherries from a plant as they went from one pasture to another.

He ate a few of the cherries himself, and was soon as overactive as his herd. The story goes on to say that a monk passed by and scolded him for "partaking of the devil's fruit." However, the monks soon found themselves eating the same fruit to help them stay awake for their prayers.

Originally, the plant grew naturally in Ethiopia. But once the people of Arabia became enthralled with coffee they transplanted plants to Arabia. This is how they monopolized the bean.

Later, inhabitants of countries beyond Arabia who believed it to be a delicacy began to siphon off the plants. The Arabian government prohibited the transportation of the plant out of the Muslim nations, so the actual spread of was started illegally.

Coffee History Timeline continues in the 17th century, when Italian traders introduced it to the West and changed the History of Coffee forever. Many Christians believed that it was the drink of the devil. But in Italy, Pope Clement VIII drank and endorsed it against the advice of his advisers who wanted it to be considered part of the infidel threat. Because of his endorsement, it became acceptable as a Christian beverage and spread throughout the West.

Coffee Houses began opening in the mid-17th century in the Western world. The first house opened in Italy in 1645, in England in 1652, in Paris in 1672, and in Berlin in 1721.

Coffee History Timeline shows that in 1668, Edward Lloyd's coffee house opened in England and eventually became Lloyd's of London, the best-known insurance company in the world. By this time as well, it had replaced beer as New York's City's favorite breakfast beverage.

According to the Coffee History Timeline in the late 17th and early 18th centuries, the Dutch became a prominent force in the industry with a plant smuggled out of the Arab port of Mocha. The Dutch cultivated it commercially in Ceylon and in their East Indian colony of Java, which came to be the source of it's nickname.

However, the French stole a seedling and transported it to Martinique. Fifty years later, an official survey found 19 million trees on Martinique and eventually, it’s estimated that ninety percent of the world's coffee spread from this one seedling.

The Dutch and French monopoly was broken up in 1727 when Brazil entered the fray. Lieutenant colonel Francisco de Melo Palheta was sent by the Brazilian government to arbitrate a border dispute between the French and Dutch colonies in Guiana. Not only did he settle the disagreement, but he also began an affair with the wife of the governor of French Guiana. The dear lady bid the lieutenant colonel adieu with a bouquet in which she hid cuttings and fertile seeds that began the Brazilian portion of the Coffee History Timeline. By 1907, Brazil accounted for 97% of the world’s production.

The Coffee History Timeline shows that as the Industrial Revolution swept through Europe and the United States, coffees were changed forever. Hills Bros. became the first company to vacuum pack them, changing the industry from a local one to a regional and even national one.

-Sanka was introduced to the United States as the first decaffeinated coffee. And Nestle learned how to freeze dry it and keep it fresher longer.

The most recent changes in the Coffee History Timeline has come over the last sixty years. In 1946, the espresso machine was invented in Italy, giving rise to the Cappuccino.

And in 1971, Starbucks opened its first store in Seattle’s Pike Place public market. And that ladies and gentlemen is a small and brief Coffee History Timeline. One of the latest additions to brewing is the pod brewer.

  • American Coffee History
  • Brazilian Coffee History
  • Colombia Coffee History
  • English Coffee History
  • Guatemalan Coffee History
  • Hawaii Coffee History
  • Italian Coffee History
  • Jamaica Coffee History
  • Kenyan Coffee History
  • Mexico Coffee History
  • Spanish Coffee History
  • Starbucks Coffee History
  • Time Line of Coffee History

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